**Pair Sharing: A Best Practice
**

Pair Sharing is generally acknowledged as a best practice in education. In classrooms I visit, however, I rarely see it used, let alone integrated into lessons as a regular practice. Reducing the amount of teacher talk and getting students to talk to each other is one of the cheapest and easiest education reforms anyone can implement. The structure of schooling must change to become more child-centered or it risks becoming irrelevant. Teachers need to get off the stage a little bit and here’s a way to do it without giving up complete control.

**10-2**

I was lucky enough to be trained in the GLAD strategies early in my teaching career and their philosophy of 10-2 greatly influenced my thinking about pair sharing. Their idea is that **for every ten minutes of teacher talk, there should be two minutes of student talk**. This means that you do not have to necessarily have students answer a question when they are talking with each other, they can and should sometimes simply summarize what you’ve been talking about. While students share with each other—and this is the most important part— teachers circulate around the room and listen in.

Having student summarize what you’ve been teaching **helps students** to:

- Transition information into
**long-term memory**through talking and not just listening. - Release
**energy that’s been bottled**up for the previous ten minutes. **Refocus**if they’ve been tuned out while you were talking.

Having students summarize what you’ve been teaching **helps teachers** to:

**Assess**whether students understand what you’re talking about. You’d never know whether they understand if you don’t take the two minutes to get that feedback.**Increase accountability**for what’s discussed by requiring students to talk about it in pairs and then whole group.**Listen**to students. They feel like they’re not listened to and, generally speaking, they’re right.**Encourage**students who are normally shy but have great ideas to share their ideas with the whole class.

**Classroom Management**

Before starting pair sharing you need to teach students how to do it. Choose a volunteer from the classroom and **Model**:

- How to
**find a partner**(they should be close by) - What to do
**if there are no partners**(a group of thee is fine if that’s all you can find) **Body language**for listening (look at your partner, sit still)- Appropriate
**volume**(everyone practice saying “I like pizza in a quiet voice) **Signals**for getting the class back together as a whole.

The first time you try this, it might go badly. Please expect that and don’t give up.

**Other Uses for Pair Sharing**

In addition to summarizing, students can solve problems, answer questions, or share a personal experience when talking with partners.

Pair sharing can and should be a part of every single lesson every single day or else I’d say the teacher is likely hogging the stage and students may or may not be retaining what’s being said.

How do you get students talking in your classroom?

I am a sucker for think-pair-share! Thank you for posting this! Look for an add-on to your post on my site soon: http://www.teachengageinspire.wordpress.com

I thoroughly enjoy your site and looking forward to learning from you to integrate more technology in my classroom!

This is one of my favorite strategies. It is such a great way to quickly get everyone involved.

great post! thanks.

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I heard someone say the following just last week and it caused me to look at myself and teaching parnters differently. Here it goes…”schools are not places meant for students to watch adults work.”. Wow right! It is time to give the school experience back to the students! I know it is very challenging for teachers to step back and watch. However, students need to DO!

I think many teachers end up dominating the classroom because they believe that they have to earn their keep. If they’re not talking, then they’re not teaching.

Yet at the same time, teachers know what they’re talking about and it’s the students who need the practice.

I like your pair share idea. Although I usually have my students work in partners or small groups, I’ve never had them just summarise what was said. I usually just have them answer the questions. Thanks for the ideas.

@Sharon,

How exactly are students practicing if they’re sitting and listening to their teacher talk?

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I would like an example of how to use pair share in a 5/6 grade math class. Thanks

Before ending a math lesson, have students turn to a partner and summarize their learning, explain how they solved a problem, or share any questions they still have about the concept.